Wilcox County is located in the center of the ‘Black Belt’ region of southern Alabama. This region is named for its dark black topsoil that lies over a limestone base. It extends from the Mississippi state line in the west. Wilcox County is also near the Georgia state line to the east, Tuscaloosa to the north and Florida to the south. This unique geology has been key in shaping the area’s history along with the modern day physical, cultural and economic landscape.
Wilcox County was founded in 1819 and covers an approximate area of 888 square miles. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the population of Wilcox County in 2008 to be 12,803 people. The largest cities in the county include Pine Hill with a population near 1,000 and Camden, the county seat, with approximately 2,250 residents. The county is largely rural with the majority of land being used for timber or crop production.
The Alabama River flows through the county and is a major economic and recreational resource. Lake Dannelly located to the northeast of Camden is created by the Miller’s Ferry Lock and Dam on the Alabama River. This lake provides many recreation opportunities within the county and is a destination for many local residents and tourists.